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Shipping Container

Plastic or cardboard filtered box that SPF or conventional animals are shipped in. Other species are shipped in appropriate containers regulated by the Animal Welfare Act.

Short-Term Personnel

Short-Term Personnel are defined as individuals participating in a research or learning activity for 30 or fewer consecutive days (1 month) or 15 or fewer total days over a six-month period.

  • The intent is to permit an educational event, such as a visiting scientist sharing procedural knowledge or a summer student doing a rotation; the role of short-term personnel should not be used to fill employment gaps.


Fodder, such as hay or corn, converted into succulent feed for livestock through processes of anaerobic bacterial fermentation (as in a silo).

Single Incident

In the event more than one issue is identified during a Quality Assurance visit, those issues collectively will be considered a single incident.

Small Animal

Mammals ranging in size from mouse to rabbit, typically housed in cages on racks.

Small Ruminant

Sheep and goats.

Social Housing Records

All records pertaining to the introduction of new pairs or groups, regular observations of stable groups/pairs, and animals exempt from social housing.

Social Species

Species regarded as highly interactive with members of their same species and whose psychological well-being is associated with social interactions. Examples of social species include, but are not limited to, canines, primates, rodents, rabbits, sheep, and swine.

Special Treatment or Procedure (SToP) Form

A form that indicates special procedure differing from standard operating procedure (SOP). These are typically placed on the inside of the animal room door. See Request for Special Treatment or Procedure (SToP) Form for more information.

Specific Pathogen Free (SPF)

Animals which are free of the specific pathogens tested for in the Unit for Laboratory Animal Medicine's Rodent Health Surveillance Program.

Specific Pathogen Free (SPF) Agricultural Swine

Swine not raised specifically for use in biomedical research but for human consumption. These swine have been raised in a closed colony, with routine veterinary oversight and specific pathogen monitoring, and have a known vaccination history. These animals may still develop clinical infections, especially from those pathogens for which they are not "specifically free."

Specific Pathogen Free (SPF) Purpose-Bred Swine

Swine raised specifically for use in biomedical research, obtained from commercial vendors or another research colony. These swine are free of specific bacteria, viruses, and/or parasites, as delineated by the vendor.


Manufactured from filamentous blue-green algae; provided to babies.

Spontaneous Cause

A condition that is not research related.

Spor-Klenz RTU®

A disinfectant containing hydrogen peroxide and peroxyacetic acid. It is bactericidal, tuberculocidal, virocidal, and fungicidal.  Dilute before use.



Stable Pair

A pair of non-human primates that are considered compatible with no known aggressiveness, human interventions or separations.

Static Tanks

Tanks used for housing frogs and fish that are not on the recirculating system.  Requires manual water drain.


To eliminate all forms of microbial life (e.g., autoclave, ethylene oxide sterilization).

Sticky Swab

A double-tipped applicator that is used to swipe against exhaust plenums of caging. These swabs have one end that is sticky (pink) and another that is cotton. Only the pink, sticky end of these swabs is used.

Streptozotocin (STZ)

An antitumor/antibiotic compound isolated from Streptomyces achromogenes with potent toxicity to beta islet cells of the pancreas.

Surgical Plane of Anesthesia

The stage of anesthesia in which the animal is at an appropriate anesthetic depth and the surgical procedure can begin.

Surgical/Anesthetic/Sedation Record

A record maintained by investigative personnel that includes:

Survival Surgery

A survival surgery is one in which the animal awakes from anesthetic following a surgical procedure, even if for a short period of time.

System Water

Water coming from frog/fish racks; safe for use on all equipment coming in contact with frogs/fish of that system.

Systemic Analgesic

A systemic analgesic is a drug that provides pain relief to the entire body.

Tail Docking

Amputation of the tail of a lamb.

Tap Water

Water coming out of the sink faucet; contains chlorine, which is bad for the fish and will kill them. If used to wash equipment, make sure equipment is dry before using it or rinse it with system water.

Task Codes

Codes used by lab personnel to indicate the type of care provided.

  • F: Feed provided (restricted or topped off)
  • W: Water bottle topped off
  • CW: Changed water bottle
  • CC: Cage change performed
  • S: New cage started

Technician Time Charges

  • Supplies: An amount or quantity of a commodity that is needed outside the normal per-diem fee schedule. For example: additional cages, water bottles when placed long-term on ventilated racks, and non-standard lab requested Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). Note: the time spent and/or service provided must also be charged to the lab monthly.
  • Services: To provide time and assistance with a specific job/ task above and beyond standard husbandry duties. For example: euthanasia, amount of time spent changing diabetic animal cages, etc. Technician time may also refer to additional supplies used and provided beyond the normal standard operating procedures.
  • Technical Services: Laboratory requested contracted services to be provided by the ULAM Technical Service Team. For example: checking plugs, tagging, tailing, bleeds, injections, measure tumors, etc. Note: the time it takes to provide the service will be billed in 15-minute increments unless management approves otherwise.
  • Overtime: Will be charged to time spent providing additional services on weekends, holidays, or after regular working hours (6:00 AM - 4:15 PM). Overtime charges will be a multiplication of the total time on weekends/holidays/after hours by 1.5 (ULAM Business Office personnel will perform this calculation).

Tecniplast Recirculating Tank System

Standard recirculating housing for frogs and fish in which water recirculates throughout the rack.

Temperature Set Point

Room temperature desired to be maintained for each species according to the room temperature table (see Appendix A in the Animal Room Environmental Monitoring SOP).

Temperature Tape

Sticker that is placed on equipment processed through cage wash machines that indicates highest temperature equipment reached up to 180°F.


An agent capable of causing developmental abnormalities.


This method of eradication is an option for most viral outbreaks in SPF barrier rodent rooms (i.e. rodents housed in microisolator cages). Because microisolator cages are individual biologic units, if appropriate technique is used, there should be minimal risk of viral spread from cage to cage. Eradication is directed at testing one or all mice in each cage and euthanizing any positive cages. This definition may change in unique circumstances.

The Elements Of Fire

The fire tetrahedron can be applied to fires associated with animal use procedures.


Device capable of reading max/current/min temperature as well as relative humidity.

Topical (epicutaneous)

The application of substances directly to the skin for topical effect.


An antigenic poison or venom of plant or animal origin, especially one produced by or derived from microorganisms and causing disease when present at low concentration in the body.


A vaccine administered for long-term protection against a bacterial toxin.