Clinical Trial: A research study in which one or more human subjects are prospectively assigned to one or more interventions (which may include placebo or other control) to evaluate the effects of those interventions on health-related biomedical or behavioral outcomes. (source NIH, reviewed 2/2023)
Interventional Clinical Trial: A type of clinical study in which participants are assigned to groups that receive one or more intervention/treatment (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes. The assignments are determined by the study's protocol. Participants may receive diagnostic, therapeutic, or other types of interventions. (source ClinicalTrials.gov, reviewed 2/2023)
Clinical Research Studies: A type of study that involves participant interaction but does not meet NIH definition of clinical trials. This may include but is not limited to: survey studies, biomarker studies, clinical/behavioral observational studies in which participants are enrolled, data and/or samples are collected and analyzed.
Clinical Coordinating Personnel: An individual or group of individuals responsible for oversight and management of the conduct of a multi-center study at collaborating institutions. Activities include, but are not limited to: directing site coordination; responding with guidance on study conduct and safety; performing quality assurance and monitoring; and providing central regulatory management or site regulatory oversight. This excludes those primarily responsible for database creation or data analysis.